"The Adam Clarke Commentary". THE PHILISTINES ARE SMITTEN WITH EMERODS. 17 , 27 ), his’il (“hand over, dedicate,” v. Yet they would not renounce Dagon; and instead of seeking God's mercy, they desired to get clear of his ark. The Philistines set up the ark in the temple of Dagon at Ashdod; whose image is found next morning prostrate before it, broken in pieces, 1 Samuel 5:1-5. (1 Samuel 1:19, NKJV) "For this child I prayed, and the Lord has granted me my petition which I asked of Him. And when the men of Ashdod saw how it was, they said, “The ark of the God of Israel must not remain with us, for His hand is harsh toward us and Dagon our god.” Therefore they sent and gathered to themselves all the lords of the Philistines, and said, “What shall we do with the ark of the God of Israel?” And they answered, “Let the ark of the God of Israel be carried away to Gath.” So they carried the ark of the God of Israel away. from the ark. The transfer of the ark of Yahweh in 2 Samuel 6 prompts reflection on God’s place in this new political landscape. Commentary on 2 Samuel 5:1-5, 9-10 View Bible Text . After being raised by the priest Eli in temple, Samuel becomes God's number one prophet. morning. Samuel, Saul and David. glorify Himself. The Septuagint adds this to verse six: “And the cities and the fields of all that region burst up, and mice were produced, and there was the confusion of a great death in the city.” Some think this was originally in the Hebrew text, and explains why golden images of rats were included in the return of the ark (1 Samuel 6:5). Because worshipping the LORD instead of Dagon meant a huge change in thinking and living. The Philistines are also smitten with a sore disease, 1 Samuel 5:6. They faced the God of Israel in battle and believed their god Dagon delivered them and defeated Israel. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain. (9) The Ark of the Covenant in the Philistine city of Gath. From the perspective of the Israelites, the anguish of Eli, his dying daughter-in-law, and other Israelites at the capture of the Ark, is understandable But Israel’s God is not an idol; He does not need for men to carry Him about. Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. “This deity was a personification of the generative and vivifying [life-giving] principle of nature, for which the fish with its innumerable multiplication was especially adapted, to set forth the idea of the giver of all earthly good.” (Keil and Delitszch). b. It was hard to account for such an accident two days in a row, and for the broken head and hands of Dagon. We can do things to push Him away but even the best of those attempts are temporary. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/1-samuel-5.html. 1832. These Philistine priests, like men confronted with the truth today, rejected God. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. b. Send away the ark of the God of Israel, and let it go back to its own place, : The Philistines, if they had repented and turned towards the LORD, could have. 6. the hand of the Lord was heavy upon them of Ashdod --The presumption of the Ashdodites was punished by a severe judgment that overtook them in the form of a pestilence. To this the psalmist is supposed to refer, Psalm 78:66, He smote all his enemies in the Hinder Parts; he put them to a perpetual reproach. 1 Samuel: Bible Study and Commentary. The men that died not - Some it seems were smitten with instant death; others with the haemorrhoids, and there was a universal consternation; and the cry of the city went up to heaven - it was an exceeding great cry. We must all face God and stand before Him one day. And when the people of Ashdod arose early in the morning, there was Dagon, fallen on its face to the earth before the ark of the LORD. The Septuagint and Vulgate make a very material addition to this verse: Και μεσον της χωρας αυτης ανεφυεσιν μυες· και εγενετο συγχυσις θανατου μεγαλη εν τη πολει ; Et ebullierunt villae et agri in medio regionis illius; et nati sunt mures, et facta est confusio mortis magnae in civitate: "And the cities and fields of all that region burst up, and mice were produced, and there was the confusion of a great death in the city." Much earlier in that book, we learned that Saul had disobeyed the Lord and that the Lord had rejected him as king (1 Samuel 15). Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. The Vulgate says, Et percussit in secretiori parte natium; "And he smote them in the more secret parts of their posteriors." So it was, after they had carried it away, that the hand of the LORD was against the city with a very great destruction; and He struck the men of the city, both small and great, and tumors broke out on them. The head of Dagon and both the palms of its hands. 1 Samuel 21:1-10 The Effects of Sin; 1 Samuel 22:1-5 Rejected but Strong; 1 Samuel 23:6-14 Beware of Circumstances! (1Sa 5:1-5) God humiliates the idol Dagon. Thus the kingdom of Satan will certainly fall before the kingdom of Christ, error before truth, profaneness before godliness, and corruption before grace in the hearts of the faithful. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 5:4". When Christianity became corrupted, this adoration of the thresholds of the churches took place. But when men and women will not glorify God, God will glorify Himself. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? were not happy to see the ark but they still wouldn’t submit to the LORD God of Israel. (1-5) God humiliates the idol Dagon. “Of the numerous suggested identifications of the specific malady that struck the Philistines, bubonic plague remains the most likely: ‘It is a disease characterized by an epidemic occurrence, by the appearance of tumours, by the production of panic amongst the affected population, by a high mortality rate, and by an association with mice or rats.’” (Wilkinson cited in Youngblood). Only the stump of Dagon was left - Literally, Only דגן dagon (i.e., the little fish) was left. CLARKE, "Brought it from Eben-ezer unto Ashdod - Ashdod or Azotus was one of the five satrapies or lordships of the Philistines. Then the Philistines took the ark of God and brought it from Ebenezer to Ashdod. The kingdom of the Messiah, as soon as it was set up in the world, was thus attacked by the powers of darkness. iv. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. v1 The boy Samuel served the *Lord. (5:1-5) From a merely human point of view, it looks as though God is being held hostage by the Philistines. We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. We think the glory has departed. i. The head of Dagon and both the palms of its hands were broken off on the threshold; only Dagon’s torso was left of it. And when they arose early the next morning, there was Dagon, fallen on its face to the ground before the ark of the LORD. God was more than able to glorify Himself among the Philistines and their pagan gods. It does not appear that the Philistines had any correct knowledge of the nature of Jehovah, though they seemed to acknowledge his supremacy. Then the Philistines took the ark of God and brought it from Ebenezer to Ashdod. Setting Dagon up and gluing him together is easier than changing your life and your thinking. Therefore they sent the ark of God to Ekron. All that was human in his form was broken off from what resembled a fish. And behaved himself wisely — Showed as much prudence in his conduct as he did courage. When we close our ears to God, He often finds another way to speak to us, and we may not like the second way. Sometimes when men disgrace the glory of God, we fear God will go without glory. , they said, “The ark of the God of Israel must not remain with us, for His hand is harsh toward us and Dagon our god.” Therefore they sent and gathered to themselves all the lords of the Philistines, and said, “What shall we do with the ark of the God of Israel?” And they answered, “Let the ark of the God of Israel be carried away to Gath.” So they carried the ark of the God of Israel away. Bibliography InformationClarke, Adam. Then the Philistines took the ark of God and brought it from Ebenezer to Ashdod. Commentary on 1 Samuel 5:6-12 (Read 1 Samuel 5:6-12) The hand of the Lord was heavy upon the Philistines; he not only convinced them of their folly, but severely chastised their insolence. But the hand of the LORD was heavy on the people of Ashdod, and He ravaged them and struck them with tumors, both Ashdod and its territory. Yet we can’t get rid of God. Therefore neither the priests of Dagon nor any who come into Dagon’s house tread on the threshold of Dagon in Ashdod to this day. Now, the Ark of the Covenant of Israel’s God stood as a trophy in the temple of their god Dagon. It has been several years since I read the excellent book by Langdon Gilkey entitled Shantung Compound. The Philistine priests were unwilling to make those changes. By the Vulgate and Septuagint, satrapae, satraps. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. God made this statue bow down in worship before Him. This addition Houbigant contends was originally in the Hebrew text; and this gives us the reason why golden mice were sent, as well as the images of the emerods, ( 1 Samuel 6:4;), when the ark was restored. Because worshipping the LORD instead of Dagon meant a huge change in thinking and living. It is supposed that the idolatrous Israelites, in the time of Zephaniah, had adopted the worship of Dagon: and that in this sense 1 Samuel 1:9; is to be understood: In the same day will I punish all those who leap upon the threshold. Saul took him that day, and would not let him go home to his father’s house anymore. They thought therefore to appease Jehovah by sending him back his ark or shrine: and, in order to be redeemed from their plagues, they send golden mice and emerods as telesms, probably made under some particular configurations of the planets. The Arabic enlarges: "He smote them in their posteriors, so that they were affected with a dysenteria." : They would not listen when God struck down their statue of Dagon; they just set it up again. Tread on the threshold - Because the arms, etc., of Dagon were broken off by his fall on the threshold, the threshold became sacred, and neither his priests nor worshippers ever tread on the threshold. The Ekronites were not happy to see the ark but they still wouldn’t submit to the LORD God of Israel. When we close our ears to God, He often finds another way to speak to us, and we may not like the second way. They could turn from their weak, inferior god Dagon and begin serving the mighty, superior LORD of Israel. c. Let the ark of the God of Israel be carried away to Gath: Instead of submitting to the God of Israel, they decided to get rid of Him. We must all face God and stand before Him one day. Instead it became a curse and a judgment to them. Smote them with emerods - The word עפלים apholim, from עפל aphal, to be elevated, probably means the disease called the bleeding piles, which appears to have been accompanied with dysentery, bloody flux, and ulcerated anus. The Philistines are also smitten with a sore disease, 6. The great leader of the conquest, Joshua, removed the ark from Gilgal to Shiloh which was located within the territory allotted to Ephraim, evidently because Joshua was a member of that tribe. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. Then the Philistines took the ark of God and brought it from Ebenezer to Ashdod. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 5:1-5 See the ark's triumph over Dagon. Therefore neither the priests of Dagon nor any who come into Dagon’s house tread on the threshold of Dagon in Ashdod to this day. How could they believe something so ridiculous? The *Lord calls Samuel. I suppose them to have been affected with enlargements of the haemorrhoidal veins, from which there came frequent discharges of blood. In order to go into such temples, and not tread on the threshold, the people must step or leap over them; and in this way the above passage may be understood. The lords of the Philistines - The word סרני sarney, which we translate lords, is rendered by the Chaldee טורני tureney, tyrants. Saul’s Growing Fear of David. EasyEnglish is a system of simple English designed by Wycliffe Associates (UK). 2. Eli the priest led him. Instead it became a curse and a judgment to them. We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. Other Forerunner Commentary entries containing 1 Samuel 28:5: 1 Samuel 28:4-8 1 Samuel 28:4 : 1 Samuel 28:6 >> The Berean: Daily Verse and Comment Sign up for the Berean: Daily Verse and Comment, and have Biblical truth delivered to your inbox. 5) The Ark in Philistine territory (1 Samuel 5:1-7 :4). When the Philistines took the ark of God, they brought it into the temple of Dagon and set it by Dagon. There was Dagon, fallen on its face to the ground before the ark of the LORD: Had the glory of God departed? We think the glory has departed. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. 6) The return of the Ark and the establishment of Samuel as a judge over Israel (1 Samuel 7). You can also change some of your preferences. You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. As a gratitude-offering for the help which they supposed them to have furnished; and. When the Philistines took the ark of God, they brought it into the temple of Dagon and set it by Dagon. He ravaged them and struck them with tumors. But the hand of the LORD was heavy on the people of Ashdod, and He ravaged them and struck them with tumors, Ashdod and its territory. 1 Samuel 18:1-5 & 19:1-7 New Revised Standard Version August 4, 2019 The International Bible Lesson (Uniform Sunday School Lessons Series) for Sunday, August 4, 2019, is from 1 Samuel 18:1-5 & 19:1-7.Questions for Discussion and Thinking Further follow the verse-by- verse International Bible Lesson Commentary.Study i. God will glorify Himself. The best intermediate-advanced level commentary on the first book of Samuel is now the commentary by David Tsumura in… Some think that this idol was the same with Dirceto, Attergatis, the Venus of Askelon, and the Moon. The story of Samuel begins with, funnily enough, the birth of Samuel. It has already been remarked that Dagon had the head, arms and hands of a man or woman, and that the rest of the idol was in the form of a fish, to which Horace is supposed to make allusion in the following words: -, "The upper part resembling a beautiful woman; the lower, a fish.". Send away the ark of the God of Israel, and let it go back to its own place: The Philistines, if they had repented and turned towards the LORD, could have benefited from the ark. ii. They imagined that every country, district, mountain, and valley, had its peculiar deity; who, in its place, was supreme over all others. Let the ark - be carried about - They probably thought that their affliction rose from some natural cause; and therefore they wished the ark to be carried about from place to place, to see what the effects might be. So they took Dagon and set it in its place again. (Read 2 Samuel 5:17-25) The Philistines considered not that David had the presence of God with him, which Saul had forfeited and lost. In those days, it … The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. They faced the God of Israel in battle and believed their god Dagon delivered them and defeated Israel. The hand of the LORD was against the city with a very great destruction: The city of Gath didn’t do any better than the city of Ashdod. If the Philistines sought to protect themselves by using brass vessels, the vessels burst at the touch of the mice, and, as before, the Philistines were at their mercy.”, Let the ark of the God of Israel be carried away to Gath. Therefore they sent the ark of God to Ekron, : The Ark of the Covenant was now among the Philistines like a “hot potato,” in the children’s game, burning every city where it stayed. broken off on the threshold; only Dagon’s torso was left of it. When the Philistines took the ark of God, they brought it into the house of Dagon, and set it by Dagon. i. Jonathan was a lot like David. Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. So they took Dagon and set it in its place again. It was hard to account for such an accident two days in a row, and for the broken head and hands of Dagon. 1 SAMUEL 5 COMMENTARY EDITED BY GLENN PEASE The Ark in Ashdod and Ekron 1 After the Philistines had captured the ark of God, they took it from Ebenezer to Ashdod. But when men and women will not glorify God, God will glorify Himself. The Syriac is the same. 1 Samuel 18:5. 1 Samuel 5. 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