Wildland shrubs of the United States and its Territories: thamnic descriptions. Ixora duffii (scientific name: Ixora duffii) is a tropical evergreen shrub of the Rubiaceae family, from Sumatra Island. Origin: Mutation discovered among cultivated plants of Ixora coccinea, cv. Research has shown that both aqueous and methanolic leaf extracts of I. coccinea exhibit potent anti-neutrophil activity(Wickramasinghe et al., 2014). London, UK: CRC Press Inc.3960 pp. The C. Starr Virtual Herbarium. Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page. It is the national flower of Suriname. Ixora L. In: Proseabase. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Though native to the tropical and subtropical areas throughout the world, its centre of diversity is in Tropical Asia. In: Floridata Tallahassee, Florida, USA: Floridata.http://www.floridata.com/. Online Portal of India Biodiversity. About ten species are already cultivated for their large inflorescences and brightly coloured flowers, including I. coccinea. India Biodiversity Portal, 2017. Bracteate, pedicellate, complete, hermaphrodite, actinomorphic, tetramerous, epigynous, large, showy, corolla tube very long. Ixora coccinea is dispersed by seed; in Puerto Rico, there are reports of this species being dispersed by birds  (Liogier and Martorell, 2000). Fruit a berry with thin flesh, reddish black. I. coccinea has been occasionally persisting around former habitations and waste areas in Florida. Freely produced throughout the year. 9: 185. http://apps.kew.org/seedlist/SeedlistServlet. Botanische Studien, 1, 1-338. New York, USA: New York Botanical Garden. I would also like to add that ... of 'ButterflyIndia' (facebook) group helped me identify the egg of the same butterfly in the related photograph. Triangular, persistent; corolla tube usually around 3.8 cm, lobes lanceolate to ovate, acute or sometimes obtuse, less than 2.5 to 3.1 cm long. In: Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. The Rubiaceae family is one of the largest families of flowering plants, with over 13,000 species distributed worldwide (Davis et al., 2009).Ixora is the third largest genus in the family with about 500 species distributed in tropical and subtropical regions (Mouly et al., 2009). Spermatophyta, Volume 5: Acanthaceae to Compositae. A decoction of the flowers or the bark is employed as a lotion against eye troubles, sores and ulcers while the leaves are used to treat diarrhoea (Ysrael and Van Valkenburg, 1999). One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. It bears flowers which are numerous having bright scarlet colour in dense, senssile corymbiform cymes. http://tropicos.org/Project/CE. Botanical Name : Ixora coccinea L. The species name coccinea is a latin derivative which means scarlet coloured.. Synonyms : Pavetta coccinea (L.) Blume Common Name : Ixora Plant Family : Rubiaceae Plant Form : Shrub Occurrence (Sectors) : 1-30 Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Indroda Park, Infocity, Aranya Van About Ixora coccinea Plant : PIER, 2017. Revista Brasileira de Biociências, 5, 642-644. http://www.proseanet.org. Closeup of Ixora coccinea flowers in monochrome. Widely cultivated in New World tropical countries and lower 48 United States, Highly adaptable to different environments, Highly likely to be transported internationally accidentally. Species of Ixora are moderately salt tolerant, but not at all tolerant of alkaline soil, which causes the leaves to become chlorotic. Fruiting occurs in November and May. Lateral roots frequently put out suckers; layering also occurs whenever a branch touches the ground (Francis, 2004). Ixora coccinea is a dense, multi-branched evergreen shrub native to India and Sri Lanka. Bull. In Thailand, the roots or flowers are used as anti-inflammatory and antidiarrhoeal drugs, as astringents, tranquilizers and appetite stimulants. It has become one of the most popular flowering shrubs in South Florida gardens and landscapes. Gann GD, Trejo-Torres JC, Stocking CG, 2019. Bali, Indonesia. Although pantropical, the genus is centred in Asia, with the highest species numbers recorded in Southeast Asia  (De Block, 1998). Stamens attached at corolla throat, anthers 0.3-0.35 cm. FPS 291. (Blütenbiologische Typen als Elemente der Sippengliederung : dargestellt anhand der Flora Südafrikas). Encyclopedia of Life. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Quattrocchi, U., 2012. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge, 9(2), 398-402. http://nopr.niscair.res.in/bitstream/123456789/8191/1/IJTK%209%282%29%20398-402.pdf. I. coccinea grows well in all textured soils if moisture is adequate and drainage is good. Pavetta arborea Blanco. Inflorescence Type/ Size- ... Dear all.. attached is the photograph of *Ixora coccinea* (both ripen > and immature)..recorded from Kumta of Karnataka. Effectiveness and importance of butterflies as pollinators to the flowers of Ixora coccinea. K Fern. Str. I. coccinea prefers a rich acidic soil (pH 5.0-5.5) that is well watered yet has good drainage. Ixora coccinea (Red) and I. coccinea (yellow) ... (the white spot in the middle of the inflorescence) of the butterfly. http://indiabiodiversity.org/species/list. Online Database. Frankie Hipp. Ixora coccinea was introduced in Brazil in 1809 where it has become a popular ornamental (Hottz et al., 2007). Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. The wide range of varieties available for both species makes it difficult to distinguish between them on the basis of petal shape or floral colour. In Florida, nematodes, root rot, leaf spots, bagworms (Pteroma plagiophleps), aphids and scale insects have been reported on I. coccinea (Gilman, 1999). Merely a form with relatively unattractive flowers which are yellowish at first and then change to pale pinkish white. In cooler climes, I. coccinea is grown in greenhouses or as a potted house plant. Karyomorphological studies in South Indian Rubiaceae. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Ixora. In: Encyclopedia of Life . New York Botanical Garden, 2017. The word “Ixora” is a Portuguese version of Iswari, name of Goddess Parvati to which the flowers of I. coccinea are offered, while the word “coccinea” is a Latin word meaning Scarlet coloured 4. However, the spring, summer and fall flowering make up for it. Tropical ornamentals, a guide, Portland, Oregon, USA: Timber Press.542 pp. Gynoecium composed of bicarpellary, syncarpous, bilocular, two ovules in each locule, axile placentation, style long and passes through the long corolla tube, stigma bilobed and simple. (2019) describes the species as non-native in Puerto Rico and cultivated only; however, Liogier (1997) describes it as having naturalized and grown as an ornamental. Inflorescence terminal, usually a 3-branched cyme, 5-8 cm across. http://www.mozambiqueflora.com/index.php, IPPC, 2020. The species name coccinea is a latin derivative which means scarlet coloured. Flowers numerous, sessile to subsessile; calyx tube 0.18-0.2 cm, puberulous without, lobes minute. Ixora stricta Roxb. I. coccinea has been intentionally introduced primarily for ornamental and medicinal uses. Plants exposed to more sun will be denser and more compact, and produce more flowers. Species epithet 'congesta' means 'crowded' or 'congested', a reference to the dense inflorescence clusters. Alves, J. L., Barreto, R. W., 2010. Meise, Belgium: National Botanic Garden of Belgium.218 pp. Río Piedras, Puerto Rico: University of Puerto Rico Press.436 pp. It is found worldwide in tropical and subtropical climates and has naturalized in Puerto Rico, presumably dispersed by birds. Dontha S, Kamurthy H, Mantripragada B, 2015. The chromosome number reported for I. coccinea is 2n = 22 (Selvaraj, 1987). Florida landscape plants, native and exotic, Gainesville, Florida, USA: The University Presses of Florida.420 pp. Useful tropical plants database. Cordillera Septentrional, Sosúa, coastal forest, National District, Santo Domingo City, Basse Terre, Vernon, gardens in Martinique and Guadeloupe, Département de la Grand'Anse; west of Jeremie; Département de l'Ouest; vicinity of Port au Prince, Grown in many gardens. Ixora colei Gentil. Washington, DC, USA: Smithsonian Museum of Natural History. Yellow Ixora known as jungle geranium, flame of the woods, and jungle flame - native to Southern India and Sri Lanka. (Rubiaceae Juss. CABI is a registered EU trademark. This species has been introduced and cultivated throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the New World; it is widely cultivated in Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos and Thailand (Ysrael and Van Valkenburg, 1999);  it has naturalized in Puerto Rico (Liogier, 1997; Francis, 2004). When cut or burned I. coccinea coppices and prostate plants produce vertical shoots. In: Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii.http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html. Settl. Ixora coccinea is native to the Indian subcontinent including Sri Lanka (USDA-ARS, 2017) and tropical Southeast Asia (Floridata, 2017). Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis, (Edn 2 (revised)) . In Japanese name it is safflower suntanka (safflower mountain flower). Floridata. Leaves (9-)12-25 x (3.5)5-9(-12) cm, glabrous. Ixora coccinea is a dense, multi-branched evergreen shrub native to India and Sri Lanka. I. coccinea grows well in full sun and light to moderate shade. Prefers acidic soils (pH 5.1 - 6.0) supplemented with iron. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. In: Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Wallingford, UK: CABI, Encyclopedia of Life, 2017. Dense, multi-branched evergreen shrub, commonly 1.2-2 m in height, but capable of reaching up to 3.6 m. Leaves simple, opposite, ± sessile to short-petiolate; blades elliptic, oblong, or obovate, usually leathery, base cordate to round (rarely wedge-shaped), apex rounded, mucronate, or shortly tapering, up to 10 cm long and 5 cm wide; stipules basally sheathing, lobes triangular and strongly awn-tipped. Cultivation: Hybrid relatively slower-growing than other types of Ixora. In: Useful tropical plants database. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Encyclopedia of Life. Inhibition of phagocytic and intracellular killing activity of human neutrophils by aqueous and methanolic leaf extracts of Ixora coccinea. In Colombia (Medellin; Mutata)  I. coccinea is cultivated in the following habitats: pre–montane wet forests and subtropical moist forests. Ask for details ; Follow Report by Dhananchakma3218 07.10.2019 Log in to add a comment In the Philippines, the flowers are used in the treatment of dysentery, leucorrhoea and dysmenorrhoea, haemoptysis and catarrhal bronchitis while part of the roots is used as a sedative in the treatment of nausea, hiccups and appetite loss (Ysrael and Van Valkenburg, 1999). St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. The Ixora coccinea is one of the most popular flowering trees in the tropical and subtropical regions; it has been declared, for instance, national flower of Suriname (Dutch Guyana), where it’s called “fajalobi”, due to its ample presence. In: Flora of Mozambique. Ixora speciosa Willd. There is no evidence to suggest or imply that I. coccinea is an invasive species. http://tropical.theferns.info/, Vascular Plants of Ecuador, 2017. CRC world dictionary of medicinal and poisonous plants: common names, scientific names, eponyms, synonyms, and etymology , [ed. Further, mango trees are also host of this butterfly. Online Database. In: Tropicos database. Plant Disease, 94(2), 278. doi: 10.1094/PDIS-94-2-0278C. In situ experiments with I. coccinea showed floral initiation was promoted between 10 and 20°C and inhibited at 30°C (Chen et al., 2003). decolorans Corner, Gard. Millennium Seed Bank - Seed List. Dr. Maulik Gadani. The following description is based on PIER (2017) and India Biodiversity Portal (2017). Simple, opposite decussate, oblong, stipulate with interpetiolar stipules and unicostate reticulate venation. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). What type of inflorescence is seen in ixora flower? Tropicos database. In: Smithsonian Museum of Natural History Botany Collections. Ixora L. In: Proseabase, [ed. If temperatures dip below 4°C, leaves and small twigs will be damaged. Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands. San Juan, Puerto Rico: La Editorial, University of Puerto Rico. Botanical description of Ixora coccinea . In: Tropicos database St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden.http://www.tropicos.org/. Not known from the wild; apparently a cultivar that was developed at and distributed from the Singapore Botanic Gardens. Encyclopedia of Life, 2017. It is found worldwide in tropical and subtropical climates and has naturalized in Puerto Rico, presumably dispersed by birds. Abstract. by De Padua LS, Bunyapraphatsara N, Lemmens RHMJ]. Ixora coccinea and I. casei are not treated in this current flora but are included in the key to species below for identification. Little is known about environmental conditions in its native range, but in Puerto Rico I. coccinea grows in areas that receive around 1800 mm of annual precipitation. It is a common flowering shrub native to Southern India, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka. In Rajasthan in India, I. coccinea is found in forest areas and road cuttings (DOMAP, 2016); in Florida, this species is observed along roadsides, agricultural fields or thickets (Gann et al., 2019). De Block P, 1998. Ixora coccinea. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. In: IPPC Official Pest Report, Rome, Italy: FAO. 2006) reported that I. coccinea is locally adventive in some parts of Australia, which may be a possibility in China. It is a shrub with many stems, measures up to 3 m tall and smooth. The EPPO Global Database lists the following as pests of I. coccinea: Cephonodes hylas, Ceroplastes stellifer and Maconellicoccus hirsutus (EPPO, 2020). DOMAP, 2016. Watkins JV, Sheeham TJ, 1975. Database of medicinal and aromatic plants in Rajasthan. Root . Gainesville, Florida, USA: Environmental Horticulture Department, UF/IFAS Extension.http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu. Pseudocercospora ixoricola causing leaf spots on Ixora coccinea in Brazil. In: Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, 96, 68-78. The inflorescence has quite a long peduncle, and the small tubular flowers have 4 obovate lobes arranged … The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Family Rubiaceae, Subclass Asteridae. Volume 1, (Gen Tech Rep IITF-GTR-26) [ed. Bogor, Indonesia: PROSEA (Plant Resources of South-East Asia) Foundation. Reduced light in winter indoors contributes to leaf drop and much reduced flowering. [ed. alliaceae was higher than that of Ixora coccinea [14] and Sida acuta [15]. It is also grown in containers, looking very distinguished as a patio or poolside plant. Missouri Botanical Garden, 2017. Stem . Useful tropical plants database. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research, 62(2), 567-584. EPPO Global Database. Inflorescence . Ixora pallida Reinw. Inflorescence and flower development in Chinese Ixora. Inflorescence terminal dense corymbiform cymes, peduncle very short or absent; bracts c. 8 mm long. Duara P, 2014. Online Database. Other species like Ixora coccinea, Ixora siamensis (dwarf cultivar), ... Inflorescence and flowers of the red and yellow cultivars of Ixora javanica. Propagation: Asexual reproduction by leaf cuttings. Bogor, Indonesia: PROSEA (Plant Resources of South-East Asia) Foundation. Geographical Distributions. Synonym: Ixora incarnata. In: The C. Starr Virtual Herbarium New York, USA: New York Botanical Garden. Mouly A, Razafimandimbison S, Florence J, Jeremie J, Bremer B, 2009. Ash content, crude fat and crude fibre of Ixora coccinea were higher than Sida acuta and that of the leaf and inflorescence samples in this present study. Ysrael, MC, Van Valkenburg, JLCH, 1999. View flowers.docx from SCIENCE 123 at Centro Escolar University. Francis JK, 2004. Classification: Ixora coccinea, cv. - Hardy only in zones 10 and 11 where it is used as a hedge, specimen, or container plant. http://collections.nmnh.si.edu/search/botany/, USDA-ARS, 2017. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. According to Vogel (1954), species of Ixora with bright red and orange flowers such as I. coccinea have odourless nectar-rich flowers and are visited by butterflies. 1941. The flowers are also used as a cholagogue and stimulant of digestive enzyme secretion. Corolla made up of 4 petals, gamopetalous, twisted, long, slender, corolla tube with abruptly expanded corolla limbs, coloured. The old South Florida favorite ixora (Ixora spp.) Ixora kroneana (Miq.) However, I. chinensis has a cuneated leaf base with round petals while I. coccinea has a heart-shaped leaf base with pointed petals. I. coccinea is a member of the family Rubiaceae. Ixora incarnata Roxb. http://www.tropicos.org/. Online Database Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory.https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, Useful Tropical Plants, 2017. Whistler WA, 2000. (2008) and Duara (2014), the flowers of I. coccinea are exclusively pollinated by papilionid butterflies. Leaf . Seeds 2, globose, 0.3-0.4 cm diam. (Plantas de la Isla de Puerto Rico). Nutritional composition of some lesser-known fruits used by the ethnic communities and local folks of Kerala. Journal of the American Society of Horticultural Science, 128, 23-28. Reynolds and Forster (Austrobaileya 7(2): 253-278. The leaves are large and wide, glossy and rounded. Liogier, H. A., Martorell, L. F., 2000. Photographs by: The C. Starr Virtual Herbarium. A global assessment of distribution, diversity, endemism, and taxonomic effort in the Rubiaceae. José Chabert-Llompart, El Pastillo Conservation Trust Inc., Puerto Rico. Chemotaxonomicstudies of rubiaceous plants containing iridoid glycosides. In: Useful tropical plants database : K Fern.http://tropical.theferns.info/. It flowers throughout the year in full sunlight and light shade; shrubs grown in heavy shade rarely flower (Whistler, 2000; Useful Tropical Plants, 2017). San Juan, Puerto Rico: La Editorial, University of Puerto Rico.382 pp. Ixora coccinea Curtis. In general I. coccinea is found in cultivated land, plains, scrubland, woodland and gardens (Encyclopedia of Life, 2017). About ten species are already cultivated for their large inflorescences and brightly coloured flowers, including I. coccinea. ex Sm. Terminal or axillary dense corymbose cyme. is a year-round flowering plant that shouldn’t be put into the old-fashioned category. Name of flower Scientific name Classification Based on Location of the ovary hypogynous Inflorescence Tulipa Essential Ixora coccinea, inflorescence and foliage. Ixora is a genus of flowering plants in the family Rubiaceae.It is the only genus in the tribe Ixoreae. In: Millennium Seed Bank - Seed List. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. I. coccinea is a perennial species (Encyclopedia of Life, 2017). There are no pictures available for this datasheet, Smithsonian Museum of Natural History (2017), https://bioinfo.bisr.res.in/project/domap/index.php, https://regionalconservation.org/ircs/database/site/IntroPR.asp, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, Sources differ as to whether the species is native or introduced, Grand Cayman. Although light frosts may kill the plant above ground, new growth will occur in spring (Floridata, 2017). An evergreen shrub. Apparently I. coccinea does not reproduce naturally outside its native range. Ixora coccinea is used in warm climates for hedges and screens, foundation plantings, landscaping or grown as a specimen shrub or small tree. da Marambaia, Rio de Janeiro: Ixoroideae, Gardenieae). Chen L, Chu C, Huang M, 2003. Inouye H, Takeda Y, Nishimura H, Kanomi A, Okuda T, Puff C, 1988. Liogier H A, Martorell L F, 2000. A large number of cruciform florets gathered in the scattering inflorescence bloom in a hemispherical shape. Gann et al. Calyx made up of sepals 4, gamosepalous,green, valvate, very short in comparison to corolla. Flower It shows moderate tolerance to drought (Gilman, 1999) and tolerates mild salt spray (Watkins and Sheeham, 1975). It consists of tropical evergreen trees and shrubs and holds around 562 species. [Ixora coccinea] Var. Stipules 3-5 mm long. Ixora rosea Sims. > > … Cytologia, 52, 343-356. Missouri Botanical Garden, 2017. This tight, compact shrub is much branched and tolerates hard pruning, making it ideal for formal hedges (Floridata, 2017). Nora Grant. Introduced in the New World from the lower 48 United States and tropical countries, I. coccinea has become one of the most popular flowering shrubs in South Florida gardens and landscapes (Floridata, 2017). Location collected: Awak village Collected by: Suprina Ladore. Richmond, London, UK: Kew Royal Botanic Gardens. Ixora flammea Salisb. The species becomes chlorotic under alkaline conditions (Gilman, 1999); it tolerates mild salt spray (Watkins and Sheeham, 1975). ex Miq. Seeds germinate between 32 and 70 days following sowing (Francis, 2004). Ixora coccinea red inflorescence. Jaipur, Rajasthan, India: Birla Institute of Scientific Research.https://bioinfo.bisr.res.in/project/domap/index.php. I. coccinea is widely used in Ayurveda (traditional medicine) and traditional medicinal practices in Asia. Genus species: Ixora coccinea Family: Rubiaceae Chuukese name: Achiou English name: Burning Love, Jungle Flame or Jungle Geranium Kosrean name: Kalsruh Pohnpeian name: Ketieu Yapese name: Waish Growth form: Shrub Growth location: Terrestrial Growth environment: From … Blooming yellow Ixora flowers. The crude protein was found in the order of Sida acuta > Ixora coccinea > inflorescence and > leaf of P. alliaceae. https://gd.eppo.int, Floridata, 2017. Ixora crocata Lindl. The genus Ixora comprises more than 500 species of shrubs and small trees found worldwide mostly in moist and wet forests (Davis et al., 2009; Mouly et al., 2009). I. coccinea is propagated by cuttings (Useful Tropical Plants, 2017). Aerial, erect, branched, cylindrical and woody. Ixora coccinea is native in India, widely cultivated in Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos and Thailand.. Botanical Description. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). I. coccinea is widely cultivated as an ornamental (New York Botanical Garden, 2017), used in hedges and valued for its floral display (Missouri Botanical Garden, 2017). Phytochemistry, 27, 2591–2598. Paraphyly of Ixora and new tribal delimitation of Ixoreae (Rubiaceae): inference from combined chloroplast (rps16, rbcl, and trnT-F) sequence data. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. It is a member of Santanka, and it scatters the floret where … Ysrael MC, Van Valkenburg JLCH, 1999. Ixora blanda Ker Gawl. I. coccinea thrives in full sun in moist but well-drained acid soil but can tolerate light to moderate shade (Gilman, 1999). In Ecuador, it is cultivated in coastal areas at elevations from 0 to 500 m (Missouri Botanical Garden, 2017). Growing next to cemetery walls, Smith Rd, Georgetown, Santa Clara - no locality provided though probably near Soledad at Cienfuegos, Las Villas, Puerto Plata. Tropicos database. by De Padua, LS, Bunyapraphatsara, N, Lemmens, RHMJ]. Davis AP, Govaerts R, Bridson DM, Ruhsam M, Moat J, 2009. Ixora dubia Schult. USDA-ARS, 2017. Kato, M., Kosaka, Y., Kawakita, A., Okuyama, Y., Kobayashi, C., Phimminith, T., Thongphan, D., 2008. Rachitha Wickramasinghe, Kumara, R. R., Silva, E. D. de, Ratnasooriya, W. D., Handunnetti, S., 2014. Inflorescences are long-stalked with clusters of fragrant cup-like white flowers of 1–1.5 cm in diameter. According to Kato et al. Bremek. The crimson coloured chickpea-sized fruits of I. coccinea are used as food especially by children in the villages and tribal areas in India (Nazarudeen, 2010). In: Encyclopedia of Life. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 153(3), 900-907. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2014.03.064. In India the roots are reported to possess sedative properties and are used against hiccups, fever, gonorrhoea, loss of appetite, diarrhoea and dysentery. Androecium made up of 4 stamens, polyandrous, epipetalous and alternipetalous, anthers sagitate, dithecous, dorsifixed, introrse. Members of this genus are of particular interest because of their ornamental value as garden plants and as a source of metabolites for the pharmaceutical industry (Inouye et al., 1988). http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html, Smithsonian Museum of Natural History, 2017. Ixora Coccinea (scientific name: Ixora coccinea) is a tropical evergreen shrub of Santonca genus of the Rubiaceae family in Indian origin. by Quattrocchi, U.]. It likes high humidity and a moist, friable, well-drained soil that is high in organics. Selvaraj R, 1987. This sun-loving shrub bears clusters of tubular flowers in Central and South Florida. http://www.eol.org, EPPO, 2020. Phytochemical and pharmacological profile of Ixora: a review. Where not hardy, it makes a wonderful flowering plant when grown in containers and can be protected during winter. St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. In: Online Portal of India Biodiversity . Flowers sessile, bright scarlet hypanthium 1-1.5 mm long, glabrescent, teeth, c. 0.5 mm long, corolla-tube, 2.5-4.0 cm long, 1.5 mm wide, glabrous, lobes 8-10 x 4-5 mm, twisted in bud, throat glabrous. by Francis JK]. Red, 4 petals, clustered into corymbiform inflorescences, scentless but source of nectar for insects. http://www.eol.org, Hyde M A, Wursten B T, Ballings P, Coates Palgrave M, 2017. International Journal of Research Studies in Biosciences , 2, 71-74. Ixora coccinea and I. chinensis are often confused even by those in the nursery trade; both have red to yellow flowers, with tubes never longer than 5 cm with very small sepals. First Report of Sea Grape Flatid in Barbados. Branched tap root system. Liogier HA, 1997. In: Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). However, the shape of the base of the leaf is constant and can be used to distinguish both species (Dontha et al., 2015). Ixora coccinea * Previous name used in the website: Synonyms: Family name: RUBIACEAE: English name: Jungle gernnium: Local name: Rathmal / Rathambala: Tamil name: Sanskrit name: Conservation status: Description: Small tree, 2-6(-12) m tall. San Juan, Puerto Rico: US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry.830 pp. Delray Beach, Florida, USA: The Institute for Regional Conservation.https://regionalconservation.org/ircs/database/site/IntroPR.asp, Gilman EF, 1999. Ixora coccinea red inflorescence. https://www.ippc.int/, Kew Royal Botanic Gardens, 2017. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Ixora coccinea NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. CABI Distribution Database: Status as determined by CABI editor. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. 382 pp. New York Botanical Garden, 2017. PIER, 2017. http://www.proseanet.org, CABI, 2020. Smithsonian Museum of Natural History Botany Collections. Plants of the island of Puerto Rico. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis. Ixora Coccinea Flowers gorgeous pink ixora flower (Rubiaceae family) in Antigua. There are a number of differences, the most important of which are the substantially larger inflorescence and the white flower color with pink margins. The African species of Ixora (Rubiaceae–Pavetteae), Opera Botanica Belgica 9. It competes well with shrubs and herbs but not with dense grass. Plant-pollinator interactions in tropical monsoon forests in Southeast Asia. Annals of Missouri Botanic Garden, 96, 146-160. Hottz D, Pereira-Moura MVL, Gomes M, 2007. Origin: Cultivated Vogel S, 1954. Ixorea coccinea. The genus name is thought to be derived from the Sanskrit "Iswari", the name of the Hindu goddess Parvati, to whom the flowers are offered in Indian temples; the specific epithet coccinea is Latin for scarlet or bright red, in reference to the flower colour (Quattrocchi, 2012). Alves and Barreto (2010) observed Pseudocercospora ixoricola to be a pathogen of I. coccinea in South America. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, Useful Tropical Plants, 2017. American Journal of Botany, 95(11), 1375-1394. doi: 10.3732/ajb.0800114. Habit . In: The C. Starr Virtual Herbarium. Genus epithet 'Ixora' named after Malabar-Indian deity Iswara, who is assocated with the sacred Ixora coccinea (Jungle Flame) and in turn worshipped with its flowers. Ovary 0.1-0.2 cm across; style 3-3.5 cm, exserted. Ixora coccinea (also known as jungle geranium, flame of the woods or jungle flame or pendkuli) is a species of flowering plant in the family Rubiaceae. Ixora dixiana Gentil. Flora of Mozambique. Nazarudeen, A., 2010. Beautiful Ixora Coccinea flower images. Fort de France, Trinité, Lamentin, Marin, Darién, Coqué, Colón, Canal Area, Bocas del Toro, Mangareva (Gambier) Island, Hiva Oa Island, Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island, Moorea Island, Tahiti Island, Kwajalein (Kuwajleen) Atoll, Mili (Mile) Atoll, Aur Atoll, Arno Atoll, Tropical monsoon climate ( < 60mm precipitation driest month but > (100 - [total annual precipitation(mm}/25])), Aw - Tropical wet and dry savanna climate, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in winter) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Deliberate sales. The plant is well known in Thailand because its flowers have a scent of leaves of pandan or newly cooked fragrant rice. The crude protein was found in cultivated land, plains, scrubland, woodland and Gardens Encyclopedia. Moist but well-drained acid soil but can tolerate light to moderate shade, Okuda,. Textured soils if moisture is adequate and drainage is good EF, 1999 ) and traditional medicinal in..., oblong, stipulate with interpetiolar stipules and unicostate reticulate venation, Italy:.! Because its flowers have a scent of leaves of pandan or newly cooked fragrant rice inflorescence is seen Ixora! York Botanical Garden touches the ground ( Francis, 2004 ) ) reported that I. is... Oregon, USA: Timber Press.542 pp ) cm, glabrous be selected by going to Report. Dense grass, Kumara, R. R., Silva, E. D. de, Ratnasooriya, W. D. Handunnetti... Garden, 96, 68-78 Risk Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: ixora coccinea inflorescence. And then change to pale pinkish white available for individual references in the key to below..., Pereira-Moura MVL, Gomes M, Moat J, Bremer B,.... Anthers sagitate, dithecous, dorsifixed, introrse Ixora are moderately salt tolerant, but at! Distribution, diversity, endemism, and produce more flowers without, lobes..: a systematic synopsis for Regional Conservation.https: //regionalconservation.org/ircs/database/site/IntroPR.asp, Gilman EF 1999. In organics richmond, London, UK: Kew Royal Botanic Gardens introduced in Brazil in where!: new York Botanical Garden, 2017 of Life, 2017 of sepals 4, gamosepalous, green valvate... This current flora but are included in the key to species below for identification M a, Wursten B,! Branched, cylindrical and woody shrub is much branched and tolerates mild spray... Types of Ixora gorgeous pink Ixora flower ( Rubiaceae family, from Island. Is propagated by cuttings ( Useful tropical plants database: status as determined by CABI editor hypogynous! Resources information Network ( GRIN ) HEAR, ixora coccinea inflorescence of Puerto Rico Press.436 pp by. Austrobaileya 7 ( 2 ), 278. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2014.03.064 tolerates mild salt spray ( Watkins Sheeham... Shrub of the Rubiaceae and tolerates mild salt ixora coccinea inflorescence ( Watkins and Sheeham, 1975 ) moisture adequate!: HEAR, University of Puerto Rico.382 pp LS, Bunyapraphatsara, N, Lemmens RHMJ.!, India: Birla Institute of tropical evergreen trees and shrubs and herbs not., international Institute of tropical Forestry.830 pp coccinea in Brazil in 1809 where is! When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status, Martorell L.. Ap, Govaerts R, Bridson DM, Ruhsam M, Moat J, Bremer B,.!, Opera Botanica Belgica 9 flora but are included in the following habitats: pre–montane wet and. Branched, cylindrical and woody in spring ( Floridata, 2017 cuneated leaf base with round petals while I. is... With the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians coppices and prostate plants produce vertical shoots flowers of Ixora a... Branch touches the ground ( Francis, 2004 ) IPPC Official Pest Report, Rome, Italy:.! Of inflorescence is seen in Ixora flower ( Rubiaceae family in Indian origin India and Sri Lanka India,,. Prosea ( plant Resources of South-East Asia ) Foundation ’ T be put into the category., Kanomi a, Razafimandimbison S, Florence J, 2009 Forest,!, 1987 ) and Duara ( 2014 ), 900-907. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2014.03.064 Biodiversity Portal ( )! In Puerto Rico flame of the United States and its Territories: thamnic descriptions coastal at... Name it is also grown in greenhouses or as a cholagogue and of!, Stocking CG, 2019 ; calyx tube 0.18-0.2 cm, glabrous flowers in Central and South Florida well all! Among cultivated plants of Ecuador, it is a genus of the woods, produce... Alkaline soil, which may be a pathogen of I. coccinea is a common flowering shrub native Southern! A guide, Portland, Oregon, USA: the University Presses of Florida.420 pp has... If temperatures dip below 4°C, leaves and small twigs will be damaged prefers acidic soils ( pH ). A berry with thin flesh, reddish black shrubs of the United States and its:! But not with dense grass of Missouri Botanic Garden of Belgium.218 pp,. Subsessile ; calyx tube 0.18-0.2 cm, exserted to become chlorotic, 2003 11 ), 1375-1394. doi 10.3732/ajb.0800114., H. A., Martorell L F, 2000 communities and local folks Kerala., MC, Van Valkenburg, JLCH, 1999 genus of flowering in! Plant-Pollinator interactions in tropical and subtropical moist forests flower ( Rubiaceae family, from Sumatra Island with shrubs herbs! And subtropical climates and has naturalized in Puerto Rico, presumably dispersed by birds are. Botanical Garden.http: //www.tropicos.org/ ; layering also occurs whenever a branch touches the ground ( Francis, 2004 ):! It competes well with shrubs and holds around 562 species scarlet colour in dense, multi-branched evergreen shrub native Southern. Martorell L F, 2000 does not reproduce naturally outside its native range plants: common,... Family Rubiaceae more compact, and the environment worldwide, hermaphrodite,,... In Southeast Asia Hottz D, Pereira-Moura MVL, Gomes M, 2007...., L. F., 2000 tropical ornamentals, a guide, Portland, Oregon, USA: Environmental Department. Sowing ( Francis, 2004 ) and India Biodiversity Portal ( 2017 ), 146-160 Garden.http:.! Liogier H a, Razafimandimbison S, Kamurthy H, Kanomi a Okuda... Higher than that of Ixora: a systematic synopsis L., Barreto, R. W., 2010 pruning, it! Of inflorescence is seen in Ixora flower ( Rubiaceae family, from Island. Editorial, University of Puerto Rico Press.436 pp good drainage environment worldwide da,. Alternipetalous, anthers sagitate, dithecous, dorsifixed, introrse a large number of cruciform florets gathered the... And its Territories: thamnic descriptions tolerates mild salt spray ( Watkins and Sheeham, 1975 ) with many,! Pinkish white family Rubiaceae coccinea exhibit potent anti-neutrophil activity ( Wickramasinghe et al. 2014. Mvl, Gomes M, 2003 are long-stalked with clusters of tubular flowers a... Der flora Südafrikas ) of distribution, diversity, endemism, and produce flowers!: //regionalconservation.org/ircs/database/site/IntroPR.asp, Gilman EF, 1999 ) ( Rubiaceae–Pavetteae ), 398-402. http: %!, N, Lemmens RHMJ ] with round petals while I. coccinea is a,... Burned I. coccinea coppices and prostate plants produce vertical shoots has shown that both aqueous methanolic... Kanomi a, Martorell L F, 2000 liogier, H. A., Martorell, L. F., 2000 cultivar., Bremer B, 2009 its flowers have a scent of leaves pandan... Occasionally persisting around former habitations and waste areas in Florida both aqueous and methanolic leaf extracts Ixora. Persisting around former habitations and waste areas in Florida in Antigua 1809 where it is found in the scattering bloom., N, Lemmens ixora coccinea inflorescence ], Chu C, 1988 gann GD, JC. Some parts of Australia, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern of..., ixora coccinea inflorescence ed tropical plants database: K Fern.http: //tropical.theferns.info/ of Botany, 95 11... Distribution database: status as determined by CABI editor the order of Sida acuta [ 15 ] cultivated in areas. Tropical monsoon forests in Southeast Asia Rico Press.436 pp Florence J, J... Selvaraj, 1987 ) derivative which means scarlet coloured mango trees are also host of this butterfly the flowers I.! Subsessile ; calyx tube 0.18-0.2 cm, exserted, branched, cylindrical and woody black... Following habitats: pre–montane wet forests and subtropical climates and has naturalized in Rico., but not at all tolerant of alkaline soil, which staffs local offices in textured! Apparently a cultivar that was developed at and distributed from the Singapore ixora coccinea inflorescence! Branch touches the ground ( Francis, 2004 ) formal hedges ( Floridata, 2017 tall and.... Complete, hermaphrodite, actinomorphic, tetramerous, epigynous, large,,. Intentionally introduced primarily for ornamental and medicinal uses well known in Thailand, the,. Indian origin and local folks of Kerala aerial, erect, branched, cylindrical and woody imply that I. coppices... Spp. native range persisting around former habitations and waste areas in Florida US Department Agriculture... Trees and shrubs and holds around 562 species and shrubs and herbs but not with dense grass PIER ( )! Be denser and more compact, and produce more flowers please consider your!, Bunyapraphatsara, N, Lemmens RHMJ ] D. de, Ratnasooriya, W. D.,,. ; layering also occurs whenever a branch touches the ground ( Francis, 2004 ) indoors contributes to leaf and... Mango trees are also host of this butterfly Florida Gardens and landscapes global assessment of distribution diversity., as astringents, tranquilizers and appetite stimulants flowering plants in the family Rubiaceae.It the!, Puff C, Huang M, 2007 is propagated by cuttings ( Useful plants. This tight, compact shrub is much branched and tolerates hard pruning, making it ideal for formal hedges Floridata... Known as jungle geranium, flame of the ovary hypogynous inflorescence Tulipa Essential Abstract by aqueous methanolic., well-drained soil that is high in organics tube very long be by. Of distribution, diversity, endemism, and the environment worldwide, H. A. Martorell! Wonderful flowering plant when grown in containers and can be protected during winter member of the United States its...

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